If, however, a masculine word denotes a person or animal ('man', 'son', 'cow', etc), then the case uses the endings of the genitive case. 1. pl. It is mainly used to identify a word as being the object of a verb, such as the word 'him' in the sentence "She likes him". The change of adjectives depending on cases is called declension. Thus, a good understanding of the Russian case system is essential. Four prepositions refer to the direction of movement, and generally answer the directional question, Куда?, "Where (are you going)?". So a noun in the accusative case, has the adjective also in the accusative case. For the third-person, the masculine and neuter possessive pronouns are the same as the personal pronouns: его. ending for adjectives that go with animate nouns is... ых/их ую/юю ые/ие 4. Case in adjectives. *Table: Accusative case, adjectives. Nominative Case-ый-ая-ое-ые: Accusative Case-ый -ого (anim. Adjectives in the Accusative Case In Russian, adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and case. Terms of use       ), the adjective must be in Accusative too. English has a case called the objective case, so called because it denotes the object of verbs. See Russian adjectives used in example sentences, videos and charts that make it easy to understand this grammar topic like a pro. Level: Intermediate This is accomplished through a system of grammatical cases where nouns, pronouns, and adjectives change their endings depending on their role in the sentence. These do not decline according to the gender or number of the modified noun. This also includes animation: adjectives modifying inanimate masculine nouns keep their nominative form (ый, ий, and ой), while animate masculine adjectives take on their genitive form (ого and его). And again, all adjectives that are modifying masculine animate and plural animate nouns will take the endings of the Genetive Case. Notice that the third-person singular masculine and neuter pronouns are the same word, его, and, like the genitive adjectival ending, it is pronounced ye-VOH. This lesson shows typical endings for singular and plural adjectives. So you would often see the sentence "I speak to her" as Я ей говорю, even though other permutations like Ей говорю я or Я говорю ей are grammatically correct. Like before, masculine and plural pronouns are split into inanimate forms on the left, and animate forms on the right. Since Russians don't have to rely as much on word order to convey grammatical information, they can move words around more freely than in English. This summary table splits the masculine and plural forms into two sections, the left being the inanimate form, the right being the animate form. Accusative case in Russian - Russian grammar for beginners; Russian cases - Grammar lessons for beginners; Learn easy Russian words and phrases; Russian podcast for intermediate and advanced levels; Get to know the Russian Santa - Ded Moroz; How to say "good morning" in Russian; What does HARASHO mean in Russian; More Russian grammar tests новая статья → новую статью –яя (soft stem) changes to –юю (acc.) Plural adjectives take on their nominative form (ые and ие) when modifying inanimate nouns, and their genitive form (ых and их) when modifying animate nouns, as you might have guessed. Feminine adjectives in the accusative case have the ending (ую and юю) - this is easy to remember, as it's the two endings of feminine nouns in the accusative. For plurals in the accusative, no matter what gender the word, they are also split: any plural word that's inanimate is identical to its nominative plural form, w… Declension of Adjectives. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Neuter; Одно маленькое окно. последняя книга → последню… This case indicates the direct object of a verb or the circumstances of spacial direction and time. Feminine words are the only words to have their own accusative ending: -а becomes -у, and -я becomes -ю. Feminine nouns ending in the soft sign -ь do not change. Level: Intermediate Topic: Adjectives in the accusative case (1) Instructions: Choose the right ACCUSATIVE form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). )-ую-ое-ые -ых (anim.) That said, Russians typically use a 'Subject Object Verb' construct by default, placing emphasis on the verb. 2. However, words in the English objective case are largely the same as when they're the subject of a verb (i.e., in the subjective case). In English, this is denoted by the objective case. If, however, a masculine word denotes a person or animal ('man', 'son', 'cow', etc), then the case uses the endings of the genitive case. Feminine adjectives take the following endings. The other use of the accusative case is with two major prepositions: в and на. Have a look at this grammar table to get extra help (it opens on a new window). Possessive pronouns act like adjectives, changing to suit the noun they modify, and thus, in the accusative case, make a distinction between animation. Мany of these can also call other cases to denote other things. When followed by the accusative case, в means 'to' or 'into', as in 'I walked into the house' (Я шёл в дом), and на means 'onto' or 'toward', as in 'I walked onto the street' (Я шёл на улицу). Did you know that different cases of adjectives and nouns can be used in combination with Russian cardinal numerals? In Russian, there is a very definite case system which denotes what's what in a sentence. [table] [tr][th]Masculine[/th] [th]Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr] Learn how to decline Russian nouns, adjectives and pronouns in the different grammatical cases. Other uses of the accusative case are after some common prepositions, such as в + acc, 'into', or на + acc, 'onto'. The hard adjectives have the suffix “-ый”, “-ой”, and “-ий”. -. The Ac. When to Use the Accusative Case Direct Object of a Verb . Copyright © www.russianforfree.com All rights reserved. The indirect object ('I write a letter to you ') is denoted by the dative case. Specifically, if a masculine word denotes an inanimate thing ('table', 'chair', etc), then it remains the same as the nominative. Мужчины уважают этих талантливых женщин. It’s high time to talk about one of the most common ones, the Accusative case. The adjective agrees with the noun. The Accusative Case of Russian Adjectives Formula The Hard Adjectives. For masculine and plural nouns: the possessive pronoun repeats the behavior of the subject - if the subject changes, the possessive pronoun changes as well and borrows its form from the Genitive, if the subject doesn't change, neither does the possessive pronoun. This means that if the noun is in the Accusative Case, then the adjective should also be in the Accusative Case. As well as the two major prepositions, в and на, there are a total of ten prepositions that can call the accusative case: в, на, за, под, по, с, про, о, сквозь, and через. Nominative case Masculine: Один маленький ребёнок. Today‘s article is about the Accusative case – Знахідний відмінок. However, both prepositions can also use the prepositional case: в + prep means 'in' or 'at', as in 'I lived in London' (Я жил в Лондоне), and на + prep means 'upon' or 'at', as in 'It's on the table' (Оно на столе). As mentioned above, the primary use of the accusative case is to denote the object of a verb. Shop - Russian school. Adjectives change to fit the noun they modify, taking on their noun's gender, number, and case. Neuter adjectives also keep their nominative form (ое and ее). So, if the noun is in Accusative (Acc. The Accusative case is the second most common grammatical case in Russian. To form the plural of an inanimate word, use the nominative rules: add or replace with -ы or -и, and neuter nouns change -o to -а and -e to -я. If the word is animate, regardless of gender, use the genitive plural: drop -а and -о, convert or append ending consonants with -ов, -ев, or -ей, and replace -я with -ь or -й.