Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Privilege, Heritage, and Cultural Background, Solutions and Implications for the Future. Summary. After this brief introductory section, Gladwell considers the first of the major factors--personal opportunity--behind his theory of success. After presenting this information, Gladwell offers a full explanation of the chapter's title. Gladwell then discusses a few other remarkable individuals whose success can be attributed to remarkable opportunities for practice. You need to submit your questions one at a time. Yet there are good reasons for starting with Roseto. For Gladwell, the real problem is that these recognized explanations have been neglected in favor of faulty yet more alluring explanations, such as the stories of pure talent and overpowering genius that surround men such as Bill Joy. With this information, Gladwell returns to Bill Joy and explains that the young programmer had the built-in advantage of a relatively sophisticated Computer Center that was open twenty-four hours per day. Outliers Chapter 2: The 10,000-Hour Rule Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. What key term (think: diction) does Gladwell provide about intelligence that he uses to conclude his example about basketball players and Michael Jordan? As it turns out, Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Bill Joy were all born in exactly this time period. Outliers Summary (PDF) Are you curious about how some individuals achieve extraordinary success while others look up to them and wonder what makes them so unique? Gladwell begins Chapter 2, "The 10,000-Hour Rule," with an account of the University of Michigan Computer Center and of one student who benefited from the Center's resources. Struggling with distance learning? This ‘Outliers: The Story of Success’ summary will outline some of the lessons and structure of the book for you. Outliers begins by considering the town of Roseto, Pennsylvania, a small community with remarkably low incidence of health problems such as heart disease. Kennedy, Patrick. The Tigers roster exhibited exactly the same tendency. As physician Stewart Wolf discovered, Roseto had an astonishing low incidence of heart disease in residents under 65. After presenting a table that lists information for the 75 richest individuals in world history, Gladwell points out that this data reveals a specific pattern: 20 percent of these wealthy individuals were Americans born within a very small timeframe, 1830-1840. Chapter Summary for Malcolm Gladwell's Outliers: The Story of Success, introduction summary. True mastery in almost any field requires 10,000 hours of dedicated practice. Summary. Within a given group of recruits, a player born just after the date will be more mature relative to a player born later in the year (for instance, in December). This is the same writing structure, which moves carefully forward and builds toward revelation, that will appear in "The Matthew Effect" and "The 10,000-Hour Rule.". The "Matthew Effect" was an idea developed by sociologist Robert Merton; it takes its name from a verse in the Gospel of Matthew, which states that those who already have advantages will see further abundance, while the disadvantaged will simply continue to face losses. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell. Outliers details the work of psychologist K. Anders Ericsson, who found in a study of music students that the primary determinant of professional success was the number of practice hours that the students committed to their music over time. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. The structure of Outliers is based on the case studies that Gladwell uses to support his claims. Outliers Short Summary . But in the 1950s, Roseto gained a measure of fame among medical experts for a very different reason. Another idea that Gladwell critiques is the concept of a meritocracy, a system in which advancement is based on talent alone. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Support your answer with evidence from the text. Here is a speed summary of the 15 core lessons from Outliers, which takes approximately 3 minutes to read. Gladwell begins by exploring what we tend to think about particularly successful people: famous athletes, multi-millionaires, Nobel Prize winners, or titans of business, for example. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The Outsiders Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Intrigued, Wolf brought experts in both sociology and medicine to study life in Roseto. Careful observation and a willingness to reject the most common assumptions will aid Gladwell, just as they aided Wolf. Outliers Introduction + Context. Menu Book Summary: "Outliers - The Story of Success" by Malcolm Gladwell 15 September 2013 on Book Summaries. But before we start breaking down the components of the outlier’s success, let’s look at what an outlier is. Suduiko, Aaron ed. However, Gladwell states that common assumptions about merit and commonplace, self-made-man success stories do not accurately explain how success is really attained. In response to these problems, Gladwell proposes segmenting junior sports leagues and even school classes; if each year of recruits or students is split into a few monthly divisions, birth date and relative age will cease to determine success. Second, his argument will emphasize the collective: it will look “beyond the individual” in order to determine how success works and how successful outliers are made. "The"Matthew Effect" itself is an idea derived from the Christian Gospels; the "10,000-hours rule" is also a well-accepted idea, since "researchers have settled on what they believe is the magic number for true expertise: ten thousand hours" (40). Some presumed meritocracies are Canadian hockey and software programming, yet success in these fields is determined by completely random factors such as birth date (hockey) and birth year (programming). (Michael Jordan, the greatest player ever, was six six after all.) The Beatles, for instance, honed their skills playing eight-hour-long sets in Hamburg strip clubs in the early 1960s; Bill Gates had early access to computer technology as a student at the Lakeside private school. "Outliers the Introduction and Chapters 1-2 Summary and Analysis". A basketball player only has to be tall enough–and the same is true of... Outliers study guide contains a biography of Malcolm Gladwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Maybe they are born with talents that far surpass the abilities of ordinary people. Outliers Summary Introduction: Defining an Outlier . These individuals were successful in business because their years of birth positioned them to take advantage of the economic transformation of the 1860s and 1870s. SparkNotes are the most helpful study guides around to literature, math, science, and more. To conclude "The 10,000-Hour Rule," Gladwell considers another type of hard-to-discern advantage. Joy went on to become a revolutionary software developer and a co-founder of Sun Microsystems. This is the second LLB book summary on a Malcolm Gladwell book (we previously summarized Tipping Point).His books are proving consistently thought-provoking. 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