Malinowski’s simple theory, which deals with (i) the nature of and differences among scientific, magical and religious behaviour and (ii) how the three aspects satisfy the human needs and thereby maintain the society. Malinowski further defines this theory by noting the necessary hierarchy of needs and the role of symbolism within the structure. I decided that my sample size would be the first 100 books or first ten pages of the data base. (Barnard, 2000) [page number please] Right away I understand why he is being criticized '''Criticisms of Malinowski's work include observations that he does not adequately account for culture change''' due to his lack of being able to explain change or conflict using this theory but sometimes the criticism he is receiving sounds like outright hatred. Explains Malinowski's anthropological mindset! After completing and analyzing the data collected there are now more questions that need to be answered to fully understand this topic. He developed his theory of religion based on his observations … I went to the website homepage Using the search engine google books, I chose a sampling of works published over the last 16 years that cite Malinkowski. The point I am trying to make is that even though Functionalism may not be the perfect or currenttheory in anthropology does not mean it is not still important. In this experiment I wanted to know in recent literature is Malinowski referenced more for methodology by field working anthropologists or is he referenced more for theory by social scientists.To begin with google books was used to collect the data for my experiment. Figure 1.This graph simply shows that in the hundred books in my sample only 28 of them referenced Malinowski for methodology purposes and 78 of them referenced him for his works on theory. Kate here: agreed. (Barnard, 2000) So, the reason that Malinowski is not referenced not near as much for methodology might possibly be because there really is no on-going debate over how field work should be carried out. Bronislaw Malinowski is considered the father of ethnographic methodology by most field working anthropologist because of his ideas on participant observation. Truly Malinowski’s influence is significant and can be seen across various subfields and schools of thought in anthropology. For example we would not have Derrida's Post-structuralism if we did not first have Levi-Strauss's Structuralism. Now I am in an actual theory class and from day one I am hearing about Malinowski in a very different way. He gave notion of system levels and the concept of different and multiple system needs at each level. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, and Gisli Palsson 2001 Writing on Ice: the ethnographic notebooks of Jilhjalmur Stefansson. I believe that he is referenced more today by social scientists for his contributions on anthropological theory. He is constantly referenced in our readings for his Functionalism theories. B. Malinowski. I then went through and clicked on each one and read the parts where Malinowski was referenced and marked if it was for his field work in the Trobriand Islands or for his Functionalism theories. At the end I counted up my check marks in each of my two categories and used my data to answer my original question. Malinowski formed part of the British functionalist school in anthropology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Malinowski's theory made functional analysis more conducive to the 20th century. The purpose of this exervise was to find what number cite his work as a theorist and what works cite him as a specialists in methodology [or something] and clicked on advanced search. Fernandez, James W., and Mary Taylor Huber 2001 Irony in action: anthropology, practice, and the moral imagination. UN Summit on Non- UN Report on Domestic Violence, HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia- UNDP Report 2010, India's Development Report Card vis-a-vis MDG, Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness, Scientific Method in Sociological Research. Malmkjaer, Kirsten 2005 Linguistics and the language of translation. London: Routledge. Malinowski’s Theory of Needs to closely related to his perspective on individual functionalism. London: Routledge. Bronisław Kasper Malinowski was an anthropologist whose writings on ethnography, social theory, and field research were a lasting influence on the discipline of anthropology. There are three systems of needs, social structure are originated in biological needs and derived from social structures, integrative needs of the society. So, when you understand that you begin to see that every theorist is heavily criticized and it does not take long for their ideas to be outdated and considered void, but also it is those original ideas that are used for the foundation for all new ideas in anthropological theory. For example in Moore and Sanders book Anthropology In Theory, D'Andrade has an article titled Moral Models in Anthropology, where he discusses how the aim in theory now is leaning towards morality and away from objectivity. Some of the most known works of Malinowski are: Malinowski always derived culture from man’s need and gradually importance to tradition as a primary influence in molding an individual. It is simply accepted that Malinowski's participant observation is standard when doing field work. Right away I understand why he is being criticized '''Criticisms of Malinowski's work include observations that he does not adequately account for culture change''', For example in Barnard's book History and Theory in Anthropology, in the section Functionalism and Structural-Functionalism, Malinowski's Functionalism theory is layed out in detail and recieved heavy criticism from my classmates.